Scientists Successfully Recreate Neptune's Diamond Rain

23 August, 2017, 12:25 | Author: Oscar Goodwin
  • The Matter in Extreme Conditions instrument at SLAC gives scientists the tools to investigate the extremely hot dense matter at the centers of stars and giant planets

A team of scientists from the United States, the United Kingdom, and Germany have succeeded in recreating the environmental conditions found deep inside the icy giant orbs of the Solar System and found the formation of thousands of tiny diamonds. However, they claimed that the diamonds produced during diamond rain in Neptune and Uranus could be a whole lot bigger.

But researchers have long theorised that deep within these vast, blue planets something astonishing occurs: high temperatures and pressures act on the hydrocarbons deep in the oceans to produce diamonds that rain down, falling towards the planets' interiors.

"We can't go inside the planets and look at them, so these laboratory experiments complement satellite and telescope observations", Kraus concluded. What's more, the researchers were able to probe the structure of the material as it was made.

When the scientists blasted polystyrene plastic (which has a chemical makeup similar to that of ice giant's atmosphere) with a laser, they were able to create shockwaves that briefly formed tiny diamond crystals measured to be just a few nanometres wide.

Now, scientists using the SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory at Stanford University in California, have succeeded in creating diamond rain under controlled conditions.

To form their laboratory diamonds, the researchers used a powerful laser to create two shock waves in plastic. As the polystyrene is primarily a hydrocarbon polymer, it easily fell apart into its atoms of hydrogen and carbon which then are compacted and form an amazingly short moment; this simulation results in nano-diamonds to form.

"The experimental time is very short", said Dominik Krauss, first author of the research from the German research laboratory Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf. While we'll never get to see diamond rain with our own eyes, we can content ourselves with the knowledge that giant diamonds are raining down on a planet not too far from our own.

"In the planet you have years, millions of years, and a long range of conditions where this actually can happen", said Gericke, adding that that would give plenty of opportunity for the diamonds to grow.

Priceless diamonds fall through the slushy interior of Neptune and Uranus and cover the solid cores of the giant planets, new research suggests. "These diamonds will sink down because they are heavier than the surrounding medium and when they sink down there will be friction with the surrounding medium, and at some point they will be stopped when they reach the core and all this generates heat".

A team of worldwide scientists from Stanford has made the most stunning and surprising discovery of the century - it has been raining diamonds on the two most mysterious planets of our solar system - Neptune and Uranus. For example, diamond rain may sound a bit loopy when one considers earth, the moon or even Mars or Venus. Using a laser instead offers a potentially more efficient and much safer method of manufacture.

Recommended:

  • Barcelona van attackers plotted major bombings, Spanish court hears

    Barcelona van attackers plotted major bombings, Spanish court hears

    Second rampage: several hours later, a speeding vehicle killed one person and injured five in the seaside resort of Cambrils. Driss Oukabir, 28, whose passport was found in the abandoned van after the Barcelona attack, has maintained his innocence.
    A brief history of Hong Kong typhoons

    A brief history of Hong Kong typhoons

    People who were caught by the storm in the streets at around 9:30 a.m. said the wind was so strong they were carried away. A powerful typhoon has delayed stock trading in Hong Kong early Wednesday, and forced businesses and schools to close.
    Chiranjeevi Sye Raa Narasima Reddy Motion Poster

    Chiranjeevi Sye Raa Narasima Reddy Motion Poster

    Top cinematographer Ravivarman, Art Director Rajeevan and Dialogues writers Paruchuri brothers are in the lead team. Though the film was originally named Vuyyalavada Narasimha Reddy , the title was changed to Sey Ra Narasimha Reddy .
  • Jerry Seinfeld dusts off his very first joke for upcoming Netflix special

    Jerry Seinfeld dusts off his very first joke for upcoming Netflix special

    Ahead of that, Netflix has slated Seinfeld's first stand-up special for the streamer to launch worldwide Tuesday, Sept. 19. The special even takes place at New York's The Comic Strip , the club that gave a young Seinfeld his start.
    2 members of Kennedy family arrested after noise complaints

    2 members of Kennedy family arrested after noise complaints

    Over the weekend, two members of the Kennedy family were allegedly arrested in Hyannis, Massachusetts for disorderly conduct. Both of the Kennedys were bailed out that same night before their mugshots emerged on Tuesday.
    Surgery Required, How Long He's Expected To Be Out Of The Ring

    Surgery Required, How Long He's Expected To Be Out Of The Ring

    The Uproxx website reported on the news of Cass' injury noting, "you could practically see the muscles in his leg tearing". Cass took a bad fall over the top rope and landed awkwardly, leading to the match to be stopped.
  • How to know if you damaged your eyes during the eclipse

    How to know if you damaged your eyes during the eclipse

    Solar retinopathy occurs when the retina has been damaged by harmful rays such as UV rays from the sun. Aaron Mjelstad, also saw a patient on Tuesday who feared she'd injured her eyes by viewing the eclipse.

    Wenger explains why he dropped Holding against Stoke

    Pep Guardiola has made Sanchez his top priority for the remainder of this transfer window according to the Sunday Mirror . Here we look at the player ratings from today's game.
    Can't exempt Tamil Nadu from NEET, start medical admission: SC

    Can't exempt Tamil Nadu from NEET, start medical admission: SC

    Palaniswami should own responsibility and resign even before the confidence motion, he said. Thambidurai, a senior AIADMK leader, said he would not blame the Centre for the fiasco.
  • 10 of the best photos from the total solar eclipse

    10 of the best photos from the total solar eclipse

    Millions of Americans have been on the move today, attempting to get into a position where they can best view the historic event. People use solar viewing glasses as the sun emerges through fog cover before the solar eclipse in Depoe Bay, Oregon.
    North Korea Propaganda Video Features Trump in a Graveyard

    North Korea Propaganda Video Features Trump in a Graveyard

    Under Kim, Pyongyang has made rapid strides in its ballistic missile technology, which it is banned from pursuing under United Nations resolutions that have slapped it with seven sets of sanctions.
    No causalities reported in Kaifiyat Express derailment: Railways DG PRO

    No causalities reported in Kaifiyat Express derailment: Railways DG PRO

    At least 50 passengers were injured and have been rushed to the hospital, said M C Chauhan, General Manager, NCR . Since both UP and DOWN lines are blocked, around 40 local trains were also being diverted.


Popular

Saudi teen arrested for dancing to 'Macarena' on Jeddah street
The clip reportedly emerged past year and gained traction when it resurfaced on social media last week. It is not clear if the teenager will be formally charged.

Barcelona's Twitter hacked to claim Di Maria signing
Our Mine called for the hashtag #FCBHack to trend on Twitter and Barca followers immediately ran with it. OurMine group earlier hacked BuzzFeed and accused the site of publishing 'fake news'.

Donald Trump to visit section of US-Mexican border wall in Arizona
Speaking at a campaign rally in Phoenix , Arizona , the President said that he has a message for "obstructionist" Democrats.

Death toll in Bihar floods reaches 341, situation still grim
The increase in water levels of the lakes and rivers have affected lakhs across both the states. Seven rhinos, 122 swamp deer, two elephants and many other animals died in the Assam floods.

Former state GOP chairman asking all Republicans to denounce Trump
Just Sunday, 2016 Trump primary opponent John Kasich was asked if he'd run against Trump in the next primary. "Too hard to tell- there's a long way ... between now and that point", Collins said.