Published: Sat, February 23, 2019
Research | By Sheri Schwartz

Musk’s SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket lifts-off with three payloads

Musk’s SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket lifts-off with three payloads

Beresheet took off from from Cape Canaveral on one of SpaceX's Falcon 9 rockets at 8:45 Eastern time tonight. The Beresheet was launched for Israel and if successful will make Israel the fourth country to land on the moon.

Should it successfully land, Israel will join an elite company of nations who have put landers on the moon, the United States, the former Soviet Union, and the Peoples Republic of China.

The project, which has been funded by billionaire entrepreneurs such as Morris Kahn and.

The private space exploration company launched the Nusantara Satu satellite as well as the Beresheet lunar spacecraft and Air Force Research Laboratory S5 spacecraft, according to SpaceX.

The two other payloads set for deployment are a telecommunications satellite for Indonesia and an experimental satellite for the U.S. Air Force.

Beresheet's mission to the near-side of the moon after a 4 million mile journey through space. It will also bring a time capsule to the Moon, including the Israeli flag, the country's national anthem, "Hatikvah", dictionaries in 27 languages, the Bible, and a children's book about the mission. This helps explain why Beresheet is taking such a long and circuitous route to the moon - the lander didn't have its own dedicated rocket to launch it on a direct path.

Israeli nonprofit SpaceIL's Beresheet lander separated 33 minutes after liftoff. "Its mission is to transmit photos and video of its new home and conduct scientific measurements", said SpaceX. As we better understand Israel's capabilities and the innovative work of their private industry, we know they'll be an even stronger worldwide partner in the future, one vital to the success of extending commercial space to the Moon and eventually on to Mars and beyond.

The Nasantara Satu mission lifts off from Cape Canaveral on February 21, 2019, carrying SpaceIL's lunar lander bound for the moon. For that, we need to do something that's called 'phasing loops, ' to make sure that the moon comes around in the right position so you can capture with it.

At a cost of $100 million, "this is the lowest-budget spacecraft to ever undertake such a mission".

Japan plans to send a small lunar lander, called SLIM, to study a volcanic area around 2020-2021. It doesn't contain much in the way of instruments, carrying a laser retroreflector array from NASA to aid with ground tracking and a magnetometer to measure the magnetic field above and on the spacecraft's landing site.

Simply making it to the moon, however, would be a historic achievement, as Beresheet would be the first non-government craft to reach the lunar surface. The problem with that is, it doesn't allow us to choose the orbit completely. Up to this point, the moon has been a destination that only wealthy and powerful nations could reach.

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