Published: Wed, January 15, 2020
Worldwide | By Lisa Hogan

European powers trigger Iran nuclear deal dispute process

European powers trigger Iran nuclear deal dispute process

After months of gradual steps to reduce compliance, Iran said on January 6 it would scrap limits on enriching uranium.

Britain, France, and Germany had on Tuesday announced they were launching a dispute mechanism under the deal - known as the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) - because Iran was not meeting its commitments.

Under the dispute mechanism outlined in the deal, the EU should now inform the other parties - Russian Federation and China as well as Iran itself - of the European move. Foreign Ministry spokesman Abbas Mousavi dismissed the "completely passive action" of the three countries.

The head of Iran's nuclear agency says his country has begun new operations at a heavy water nuclear reactor in Arak.

"I also call on the West to impose the automatic sanctions mechanism at the United Nations, snapback sanctions, now", he added.

In triggering the dispute mechanism, "our three countries are not joining a campaign to implement maximum pressure against Iran".

"Alongside our partners, we will use this to press Iran to come back into full compliance with its commitments, and honour an agreement that is in all our interests", Raab said in a statement to the House of Commons today.

The European powers said they had taken the step to avoid a crisis over nuclear proliferation being added to an escalating confrontation in the Middle East.

So, with regret, the E3 was left with no choice, but to refer Iran to the JCPoA's Dispute Resolution Mechanism.

Iran responded by saying it sent letters previous year to the coordinator of the JCPOA Joint Commission calling for triggering the deal's dispute resolution mechanism over the 2018 United States exit from the deal and re-imposition of harsh economic sanctions while Iran continued to meet its commitments.

It has ramped up sanctions that are severely damaging Iran's economy. A mechanism created to circumvent the sanctions set up by the EU has so far failed to facilitate a single transaction between European firms and Iran.

German Foreign Minister Heiko Maas said in a statement that the three European countries "could no longer leave the growing Iranian violations of the nuclear agreement unanswered".

"We do this in good faith with the overarching objective of preserving the JCPoA and in the honest hope of finding a way forward to resolve the impasse through constructive diplomatic dialogue, while preserving the agreement and remaining within its framework", they said.

"And we urger the Iranian Government to choose an alternative path and engage in the diplomacy and negotiation to resolve the full range its activities that flout worldwide law and destabilise the region".

Following the announcement, Russia's ambassador to global organizations in Vienna, Mikhail Ulyanov, tweeted that he hoped the decision wouldn't "complicate the situation further".

BRUSSELS (AP) - Britain, France and Germany have launched action under the Iran nuclear agreement paving the way for possible sanctions in response to Tehran's attempts to roll back parts of the deal, European Union foreign policy chief Josep Borrell said Tuesday. "Let's work together to replace the JCPOA and get the Trump deal instead".

The decision was taken in principle before Christmas by the three European powers, and not prompted by the recent Iranian attack on United States bases in Iraq, or the Iranian's accidental downing of the Ukrainian airliner.

The British broadcaster reports that it did not appear that Johnson was suggesting to scrap the 2015 accord, just that he wants to alter the deal in a way that would bring the USA back into it.

Like this: